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`Homology(T,n)` `Homology(T)`
Inputs a pure cubical complex, or cubical complex, or simplicial complex T and a non-negative integer n. It returns the n-th integral homology of T as a list of torsion integers. If no value of n is input then the list of all homologies of T in dimensions 0 to Dimension(T) is returned . |

`RipsHomology(G,n)` `RipsHomology(G,n,p)`
Inputs a graph G, a non-negative integer n (and optionally a prime number p). It returns the integral homology (or mod p homology) in degree n of the Rips complex of G. |

` Bettinumbers(T,n)` ` Bettinumbers(T)`
Inputs a pure cubical complex, or cubical complex, simplicial complex or chain complex T and a non-negative integer n. The rank of the n-th rational homology group H_n(T, Q) is returned. If no value for n is input then the list of Betti numbers in dimensions 0 to Dimension(T) is returned . |

`ChainComplex(T)`
Inputs a pure cubical complex, or cubical complex, or simplicial complex T and returns the (often very large) cellular chain complex of T. |

`CechComplexOfPureCubicalComplex(T)`
Inputs a d-dimensional pure cubical complex T and returns a simplicial complex S. The simplicial complex S has one vertex for each d-cube in T, and an n-simplex for each collection of n+1 d-cubes with non-trivial common intersection. The homotopy types of T and S are equal. |

`PureComplexToSimplicialComplex(T,k)`
Inputs either a d-dimensional pure cubical complex T or a d-dimensional pure permutahedral complex T together with a non-negative integer k. It returns the first k dimensions of a simplicial complex S. The simplicial complex S has one vertex for each d-cell in T, and an n-simplex for each collection of n+1 d-cells with non-trivial common intersection. The homotopy types of T and S are equal. For a pure cubical complex T this uses a slightly different algorithm to the function CechComplexOfPureCubicalComplex(T) but constructs the same simplicial complex. |

`RipsChainComplex(G,n)`
Inputs a graph G and a non-negative integer n. It returns n+1 terms of a chain complex whose homology is that of the nerve (or Rips complex) of the graph in degrees up to n. |

`VectorsToSymmetricMatrix(M)` `VectorsToSymmetricMatrix(M,distance)`
Inputs a matrix M of rational numbers and returns a symmetric matrix S whose (i,j) entry is the distance between the i-th row and j-th rows of M where distance is given by the sum of the absolute values of the coordinate differences. Optionally, a function distance(v,w) can be entered as a second argument. This function has to return a rational number for each pair of rational vectors v,w of length Length(M[1]). |

`EulerCharacteristic(T)`
Inputs a pure cubical complex, or cubical complex, or simplicial complex T and returns its Euler characteristic. |

`MaximalSimplicesToSimplicialComplex(L)`
Inputs a list L whose entries are lists of vertices representing the maximal simplices of a simplicial complex. The simplicial complex is returned. Here a "vertex" is a GAP object such as an integer or a subgroup. |

`SkeletonOfSimplicialComplex(S,k)`
Inputs a simplicial complex S and a positive integer k less than or equal to the dimension of S. It returns the truncated k-dimensional simplicial complex S^k (and leaves S unchanged). |

`GraphOfSimplicialComplex(S)`
Inputs a simplicial complex S and returns the graph of S. |

`ContractibleSubcomplexOfSimplicialComplex(S)`
Inputs a simplicial complex S and returns a (probably maximal) contractible subcomplex of S. |

`PathComponentsOfSimplicialComplex(S,n)`
Inputs a simplicial complex S and a nonnegative integer n. If n=0 the number of path components of S is returned. Otherwise the n-th path component is returned (as a simplicial complex). |

`QuillenComplex(G)`
Inputs a finite group G and returns, as a simplicial complex, the order complex of the poset of non-trivial elementary abelian subgroups of G. |

`SymmetricMatrixToIncidenceMatrix(S,t)` `SymmetricMatrixToIncidenceMatrix(S,t,d)`
Inputs a symmetric integer matrix S and an integer t. It returns the matrix M with M_ij=1 if I_ij is less than t and I_ij=1 otherwise. An optional integer d can be given as a third argument. In this case the incidence matrix should have roughly at most d entries in each row (corresponding to the $d$ smallest entries in each row of S). |

`IncidenceMatrixToGraph(M)`
Inputs a symmetric 0/1 matrix M. It returns the graph with one vertex for each row of M and an edges between vertices i and j if the (i,j) entry in M equals 1. |

`CayleyGraphOfGroup(G,A)`
Inputs a group G and a set A of generators. It returns the Cayley graph. |

`PathComponentsOfGraph(G,n)`
Inputs a graph G and a nonnegative integer n. If n=0 the number of path components is returned. Otherwise the n-th path component is returned (as a graph). |

`ContractGraph(G)`
Inputs a graph G and tries to remove vertices and edges to produce a smaller graph G' such that the indlusion G' → G induces a homotopy equivalence RG → RG' of Rips complexes. If the graph G is modified the function returns true, and otherwise returns false. |

`GraphDisplay(G)`
This function uses GraphViz software to display a graph G. |

`SimplicialMap(K,L,f)` `SimplicialMapNC(K,L,f)`
Inputs simplicial complexes K , L and a function f: K!.vertices → L!.vertices representing a simplicial map. It returns a simplicial map K → L. If f does not happen to represent a simplicial map then SimplicialMap(K,L,f) will return fail; SimplicialMapNC(K,L,f) will not do any check and always return something of the data type "simplicial map". |

`ChainMapOfSimplicialMap(f)`
Inputs a simplicial map f: K → L and returns the corresponding chain map C_∗(f) : C_∗(K) → C_∗(L) of the simplicial chain complexes.. |

`SimplicialNerveOfGraph(G,d)`
Inputs a graph G and returns a d-dimensional simplicial complex K whose 1-skeleton is equal to G. There is a simplicial inclusion K → RG where: (i) the inclusion induces isomorphisms on homotopy groups in dimensions less than d; (ii) the complex RG is the Rips complex (with one n-simplex for each complete subgraph of G on n+1 vertices). |

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